Learn More about the Components of the Septic System In residential communities, the septic system functions by disposing and treating the waste of household onsite, and with that they tend to be more economical and less expensive to install and maintain such system. The two basic parts of the septic system are the drain field and the septic tank. The drain field is also called as the soil absorption system, leachfield or disposal field, and such part is designed as a bed lined with either a gravel or course sand or a series of trenches, and it is buried on one feet or three feet below the surface of the ground. The primary function of the drain field is to treat the wastewater by allowing or letting the said wastewater to flow or trickle in a slow manner from the pipes into the gravel and downward through the soil, for the gravel and soil tends to acts as the organic or biological filters of waste. The septic tank, on the other hand, is recognized as the key component of the septic system, and such is described as a small-scale sewage treatment system that are quite common in areas that lacks the connection to the central or main sewage pipes provided by their local government or any private business organization. The term septic, is basically referring to the anaerobic bacterial environment present in the tank, and such may lead to the mineralization or decomposition of the waste or liquids being discharged into the septic tank. A septic tank is composed of one or more tanks made from plastic materials or concrete materials. The pipe connections of septic tanks are usually made with a T-shaped pipe, and such tends to function by allowing the waste to exit and enter with causing any disturbance to the surface’s crust. Nowadays, the manufacturers of septic tanks are designing their own products to incorporate two chambers that are equipped with a manhole cover, and it can also be designed with openings placed on the center of the floor and roof of the septic tank. There are a lot of business companies that specializes in the maintenance, repair, and installation of septic tanks found in both commercial and residential areas, and some other services that they tend to offer to their possible clients includes replacement or repair of any damaged drain field pipes and pumping of septic tanks. The individuals who are in need of the services offered by these companies in their local area, can locate them through the use of the internet, for most of these companies have their own commercial website that are accessible to the internet users, or they can also ask help or recommendations or suggestions from their families, colleagues and friends.